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Frederick Banting Biography Who discovered Insulin

Sir Frederick Grant Banting KBE, MC FRS FRSC (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian clinical researcher, doctor, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-pioneer of insulin and its restorative potential.

Frederick Banting Biography Who discovered Insulin

Frederick Banting Biography Who discovered Insulin

  • Full Name: Frederick Grant Banting
  • Born: 14 November 1891, Alliston, Canada
  • Died: 21 February 1941, Newfoundland, Canada
  • Alliance at the time of the award: University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  • Prize motivation: “For the discovery of insulin.”
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine 1923

Clinical Research

Nonetheless, Banting had become profoundly intrigued by diabetes. Crafts by Naunyn, Minkowski, Opie, Schafer, and others had shown that diabetes was caused by an absence of a protein hormone secreted by the “islets of Langerhans” in the pancreas.

To this hormone, Schafer had given the name insulin, and it was assumed that insulin controls the digestion of sugar, so that absence of it brings about the gathering of sugar in the blood and the discharge of the overabundance of sugar in the pee.

Endeavours to supply the missing insulin by taking care of patients with the new pancreas, or concentrates of it, had fizzled, probably on the grounds that the protein insulin in these had been annihilated by the proteolytic catalyst of the pancreas. The issue, consequently, was the manner by which to extricate insulin from the pancreas before it had been hence annihilated.

While he was thinking about this issue, Banting read in a clinical diary an article by Moses Baron, which called attention to that, when the pancreatic conduit was tentatively shut by ligatures, the cells of the pancreas which discharges trypsin degenerate, however, that the islets of Langerhans remains intact.

This recommended to Banting that ligation of the pancreatic channel would, by annihilating the cells which discharge trypsin, stay away from the obliteration of the insulin, so that, after adequate time had been taken into account the degeneration of the trypsin-emitting cells, insulin may be extracted from the intact islets of Langerhans.

Banting’s assistant (right hand) J.J.R. Macleod

Not set in stone to research this chance of possibility, where  Banting talked about it with different individuals, among whom was J.J.R. Macleod, Professor of Physiology at the University of Toronto, and then after convincing  Macleod gave him offices for trial work upon it. Dr Charles Best, then a medical student of the fourth year, was assigned as Banting’s assistant (right hand), and together, Banting and Best started the work which was to lead the discovery of insulin.

Frederick Banting awarded by Noble Prize

In 1923, Banting and John James Rickard Macleod got the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Banting shared the distinctions and granted cash with his partner, Charles Best. That very year, the Government of Canada allowed Banting a lifetime annuity to proceed with his work.

In 1934, he was knighted by King George V. As of November 2018, Banting, who got the Nobel Prize at age 32, remain the youngest Nobel laureate in the space of Physiology/Medicine.


Diabetes is the body’s inability to metabolize sugar correctly. Specialists or Doctors understood that diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin, which is formed in pieces of the pancreas yet couldn’t demonstrate it. Frederick Banting speculated that one more substance framed in the pancreas, trypsin, separated the insulin.

In John MacLeod’s exploration facility in 1921, Frederick Banting and Charles Best treated dogs with the goal that they present not delivered trypsin. Insulin could then be extricated and used to treat diabetes.

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